2011年6月30日木曜日

100 gun ship-of-the-line Rayo(Langton 1/1200)

100 gun ship-of-the-line Rayo of this Spain navy was launched in the royal shipyard located in Havana in 1749.
Although built at the beginning in the name of 80 gun ship of the line and "San Pedro", it was behind renamed by the "Rayo".The reason is not known.

As a Spain warship which participated in the naval battle of Trafalgar, it is a senior ship, and a forecastle and the quarter deck are connected, a gun deck is prepared, and it will be again born to 100 gun warships in 1803 prior to a naval battle.
The modification which adds this gun deck seems to be the Spain navy peculiar technology (?) performed also to a Santisima Trinidad (120->136).
However, balance was lost for the business of a Santisima Trinidad and the ship leg and the problem of becoming late were in it.
Like a case Rayo, there is also a merit that it can build below in the half (43.5%) as compared with the construction expense of the usual Spain 112 gun ship of the line (three-decker).
However, when built in Havana, it is said by a slave being used that labor wages were cheap.
By the naval battle of Trafalgar, it was on the register as a ship of the line of the Spain navy 56 years.
It is, even if it says since it was built by the mahogany (about 4300) known for high-class lumber as a long-lived reason of this ship.
Moreover, it is also called greatest reason that there was also nothing of a service period that is comparatively got injured since it hardly participated in a battle.

18-pound gun x2, the 8-pound gun x12, and an 18-pound carronade gun x6 were added by the modification on 100 gun warships from 80 gun in 1803.
As a result, it became 100 gun warships of a 36-pound gun x 32 and 18-pound gun x 32 and 8-pound gun x 32 and 18-pound carronade gun x6.
By this modification, firing-guns-broadside capability increases the staff from 890 pounds to 1010 pounds, and a boarding staff increases the staff from 670 persons to 830 persons.
Those days, the ship equipped with the gun which crosses 80 gates on a two-layer deck was not built even in the British navy till 1813.
Incidentally the firing-guns-broadside capability of a HMS Victory 1148 pounds (at the time of the battle of Trafalgar),
It was 904 pounds for the 98 gun ship-of-the-line HMS prince of the British warship equipped with the equivalent gun of a Rayo and an equivalent class.
Moreover, it may also be able to be called modification of foresight when it considers that they were 1030 (or 1048) pounds, if it is a 98 gun ship-of-the-line HMS Dreadnought.
It may be able to be said that the firing-guns-broadside capability in the Santisima Trinidad of 136 gate warships was change for the worse as it was said well that it considers that 112 gate warship Santana of this Spain warship was 1508 pounds by 1530 pounds (at the time of the battle of Trafalgar).


Since the Rayo which finished modification construction in 1803 has not participated in the strategy in West Indies before the naval battle of Trafalgar, either, it has not participated in the naval battle (battle of Cape Finisterre) in the Cape Finisterre offing on July 22, 1805, either.
(France x16 ships + Spain x6 ships vs British x15 ships).
Furthermore, also when it sorties from Cadiz towards the naval battle of Trafalgar, it becomes a ship of the last which was not blessed with a good wind but from which it departed.
Since the combined fleet changed its course 180 degrees when the naval battle started, a Rayo is seen at a naval battle, as located in the head group, but since the ship leg was late, it is located in a battleline's outside.
Although her squadron divided when Nelson divided the battleline of the combined fleet and devised the attack moved forward, became in the end of a battle, and once rushed into the battle area again and Britannia etc. and a gun game were held, the posture was never, and since it did not run away, it was captured after all.
Although the Rayo only took out the damage of four persons killed in war and 14 injured persons with the naval battle of Trafalgar, by the postwar storm, fire was released to it by the captured British Navy, and it was abandoned.

2011年6月29日水曜日

Cutter (Lamgton 1/1200)

A armed cutter also manufactured Entreprenante(8 guns).

Schooner (Langton 1/1200)

A schooner is completed.

Although this ship serves as the British schooner Pickle, since the 12-pound carronade gun of eight gates was carried at the time of the outbreak of war of Trafalgar, it seemed to be 8 gun warships.

Although this model added the 6-pound gun of two gun to the bow portion, it is needed.
When a drawing is seen, it actually seems to be the ship of 10 gun loading.

2011年6月28日火曜日

Brig (Langton 1/1200)

Two Brigs belonging to which participated in the battle of Trafalgar the France fleet were manufactured.
This serves as 16 gun ship Argus with 18 gun ship Furet.

A Furet is the ship completed around 1801 and belonged to the British invasion fleet of Napoleon who makes the Toulon harbor in 1804 a base.
At the battle of Trafalgar, it pulled up in the Cadiz harbor with the start of the naval battle.
An Argus is the warship too dispatched to Toulon in 1805 for the British invasion operations, and at the battle of Trafalgar, like other small warships, if a naval battle starts, it is pulled up in the Cadiz harbor.
These ships have not participated in a battle at the  battle of Trafalgar.
A upper photograph is compared with the biggest 120 gun ship-of-the-line L'Orient in the France navy.

The Battle of Trafalgar


  

2011年6月23日木曜日

CSS Stonewall (Stone Mountain Miniatures 1/1200)

CSS Stonewall is what carried out overseas order for Confederate States of America. 
It cannot participate in war after all, but a surroundings time is the iron clad which came to Japan.

This ship by which "KOUTETSU" naming was carried out plays an active part in a HAKODATE bay naval battle as a warship of the Meiji government.
It became a warship which has the first armoring in Japan as AZUMA-KAN behind.

This miniature is a Stone Mountain Miniatures product.
Hull (before paint) ↓

74 gun warship and comparison of the Napoleonic Wars age

2011年6月22日水曜日

2011年6月21日火曜日

CSS Manassas(Langton 1/1200)

From the thing to which the curious appearance of CSS Manassas became old and for which it pulled and the upper part of the ship is covered by the griddle of the boiler.

  
Although there is a 12-pound gun ahead towards as armaments, Ram serves as strongest armaments, it is a main attack means of this ship which is referred to as colliding with an enemy ship and sinking a partner, and it will call it Ironclad Ram.
This ship was completed in New Orleans before the outbreak of war of the Civil War.
Since it sortied on the night of October 12, 1861, it clashed against a Union Army warship Steam Screw Sloop "Richmond" and a sailing Sloop "Vincennes" while blocking this harbor from behind and both warships escaped sinking, the success in battle of making it run on a rock oneself was raised.
However, a Sidewheel Steam Frigate and USS Mississippi tried the Ram attack to April 24, 1862 and Mississippi which started the river going-up operation of Mississippi River for the New Orleans capture.
USS Mississippi also opposed, the collision was tried, and Manassas undertook the damage, it ran on a rock and was abandoned.

2011年6月17日金曜日

CSS Arkansas (Langton 1/1200)

CSS Arkansas had construction started in the arsenal in Memphis on August 24, 1861.

However, since Union Army approached Memphis before completion of CSS Arkansas,it was divided into the east from the lower stream of the town in Memphis in April, 1862, moved to the Yazoo River which winds south and joins Mississippi River by superior [ of the town of a Vicksburg ], and completed in a town Greenwood(Mississippi) in the path of a river covered with the forest.
After completion became a defence hand from the river of a Vicksburg by a Virginia type Casemate Ironclad as seen.Her sister ship is CSS Tennessee.
By the time CSS Arkansas went into the town of a Vicksburg from Greenwood, it challenged to the naval battle (15.07.1862), but the fleet of Union Army was not able to sink Arkansas.
Then, an attack (22.07.1862) by USS Essex of Union Army and the USS Queen of the West to CSS Arkansas with which a Vicksburg was filled is delivered.
Finally CSS Arkansas sorties for the Baton Rouge recapture.
However, it exploded and sank by bombardment of USS Essex which caused the engine failure and sortied in the riverside for stranding and interception on the way to Baton Rouge.

2011年6月16日木曜日

USS New Ironside (Langton 1/1200)

USS New Ironside is an armored ship of Union Navy, and is the ship which became a flagship of completion and the South Atlantic Ocean blockade fleet in August, 1862.Although the rigging was given at the beginning, it was removed with the start of the capture strategy to the base bay harbor of a Confederate at the beginning of 1863.
USS New Ironside, as for, the South Atlantic Ocean blockade fleet commander Samuel Francis Du Pont navy major general did the going on board broke through between Fort Sumter in the Charleston bay mouth, and Moultrie forts on April 7, 1863, and it participated in the strategy aiming at the Charleston siege.
This miniature reproduces it.

First of all, it was because the coal used as fuel could not load that having carried out the rigging of the steamship prepared for failure of the organization at the time of appearing in open sea navigation, and a steamship of those days so much but there was no cruise capability for about 20 days at the maximum.
Since it became unnecessary sailing since the neighborhood and the military operation period of a sortie base are also short, furthermore it became a target, these ships thrown into the Civil War were removed.

2011年6月15日水曜日

USS 90-day gunboat(Langton 1/1200)

A 90-day gunboat is a small gunboat built in large quantities after the outbreak of war of the Civil War hurriedly.As the name suggests, it was built in 90 days (three months).


In addition to this starting with 4 Ships having been supplied to the attack of the Port Royal by the naval fleet on November 7, 1861, it is supplied to the capture game of the fort of every place.
This ship is not only called stopover measure, but had equipped the 11-in Dahlgren smoothbore which other warships had not equipped one gate the advantage of the same type warship, and at the beginning of a naval battle.